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Chapter 1: Introduction

1.1 Background

Global trends of the educations have direct impact on post-graduation studies of students of developing nations. Some of the major countries which are facing the crucial issues is providing services but on the other hand some developed countries are giving best educational facilities to students of whole world. India, China, Russia Brazil and Thailand are the major nations are which facing issues in providing better educational services to students of their countries. It is reflected that global trend of education in very high in developed countries as compare to developing nations. So, it attracts students towards the foreign universities. Educational universities of Thailand do not provide appropriate opportunities of placement, campus, training and other sports activities of growth and development of students, etc (Hazelkorn, 2015). Therefore, this nation is facing the issue of study in abroad. So, author has decided to conduct study on this subject. Consequently, researcher wants to disclose the actual reasons and factors that influence Thai students towards the UK universities. Regarding this, researcher has been used a very systematic process for conducting investigation in effective manner and this process is describing the following report.

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1.2 Aim and objectives

Aim:

The aim of this dissertation is to conduct exploratory study of different factors which influence Thai students to complete their higher studies in UK.

Research objectives

  • To investigate major purposes influencing Thai students to study in the city of Birmingham.
  • To examine motivational factors of Thai students studying in the city of Birmingham
  • To explore other personal factors of Thai students which affect their decision to further their study in the city of Birmingham.

1.3 Research question

  1. What are the major purposes influencing Thai students to study in the city of Birmingham?
  2. What are the motivational factors of Thai students studying in the city of Birmingham?
  3. Which personal factors of Thai students that affect their decision to further their study in the city of Birmingham?

1.4 Project rational

Study in abroad is one of the major research issue which is affecting the education trend of entire globe. It is affecting the growth and development of countries their students are moving towards the foreign universities. As per the survey and data of reports it can say that most of the students try to get education from UK and US universities. So, these countries have been developed in education sector in very well manner. But most of the countries are suffering from the skilled and intelligent students. So, these countries cannot get skilled and experienced employees for their nation. Therefore, study in abroad is one of the major issue for developing nation.

It is an issue because government of the developing countries do not provide appropriate facilities to students for their higher education. Most of the attractive factors and qualitative services of foreign universities motivate students of developing nations towards the foreign universities. So, it is considered as major research issue.

It is an issue now because Thai students are moving towards the UK universities for higher education. It has negative impacts on development of this nation. Government of Thai is investing huge amount of money in improving the education system of this nation. But, still there are number of factors which are increasing attraction of students toward the UK universities. So, researcher wants to disclose these factors. It is the major reason behind the selection of this subject as a current research.


For resolving this issue researcher will focus on current and past information of the Thai students. Along with this author will also try to find out number of factors which are influencing students to get higher studies from UK universities. Regarding this researcher will use number of theories and models which will help in resolving research question in effective manner. Along with this, author wants to make a useful to readers who are interested in the area of studying aboard and foreign education and to understand the factors that influence the decision making of Thai students (Hazelkorn, 2015).

1.5 Focus and purpose

As per the aim of the current study researcher wants to know the number of factors which are influencing Thai students for moving towards the UK universities. For attaining this aim researcher will focus on motivational and personal factors of Thai students which affect their decision to further their study in the city of Birmingham. Along with this, author will also focus on major reason because of them students re not taking interest in taking higher education in Thai. Focus will also be given on number of attractive factors of UK universities because of them students of Thai are attracting towards these universities. Identifying the major factors which motivate Thai students to complete their studies from foreign universities is the major purpose of the current study.

1.6 Framework and analysis

Conducting research on present subject is not an easy task for researcher so, author will use the number of research methods as per the requirements of the subject. So, research methodology so the current research will be based on the following framework and analysis of the research methods:

Research philosophies: It can be defined as a paradigm which helps in conducting in-depth research on study on abroad. It will help in understanding the actual phenomenon because of them Thai students actually wants to move towards the UK universities for higher studies. There are two types of research philosophies positivism and intrepretivism. For conducting current investigation researcher will sue positivism because it focuses on the objectives of the study rather than subjectivity of the concept. So, it will play important role in attaining aim (Goddard and Melville, 2004).

Research design: It can be defined as a research plan which helps in completing investigation in effective manner. There are three types of research designs descriptive, exploratory and casual. For the current investigation author will select exploratory research design because it uses both primary and secondary data for getting a new results. It is a complete new study which have never ever conducted by any researcher in past so, author has decided to complete it using this design (Kumar, 2014).

Approach of the study: There are basically two types of the research approach inductive and deductive. In which inductive approach helps in completing research in specific to general manner so, it helps in developing theories on specific research subject. But on the other hand deductive approach focuses on general to specific research studies. So, for completing research investigation in effective manner researcher will use deductive research approach because it will help in completing general study on reason behind the influence of students towards the foreign studies. Afterwards researcher will move towards the Thai students who are attracting UK universities for higher studies. It will focus on hypothesis rather than research question (Daniel and Sam, 2011).

Research strategy: For completing investigation in effective manner author will use both qualitative and quantitative research strategy. Qualitative study will help in understudying the research issue using number of theories and models. On the other hand quantitative techniques will resolve the research problem using the number of statistical methods. Therefore, both studies will play important role in getting answers of every research question.

Data collection methods: For completing research in appropriate way author needs to collect facts and figures using appropriate methods of data collection. There are number of methods by which author can collect facts and figures. For completing research information author will use both primary and secondary data collection methods. In which primary data collection methods will help in collecting new and fresh data about the research subject (Flick, 2011). Questionnaire survey will be used by researcher for collecting primary data. On the other hand, secondary data collection method will play important role in getting historical information about the research subject which have already discovered by researches in past research studies. Literature review will be the major source for getting secondary information about the subject.

Sampling: As per the above discussion author will sue primary data collection methods for obtaining new and fresh data. Regarding this investigator needs to select sample from research universe. Study will focus on only those Thai students who are studying or studies from UK universities. Regarding this, researcher will use random number sampling methods because it will provide equal chance to each and every candidate to select in a research sample. Author will select 30 students for collecting primary data so, sample size will be 30 which will represent the characteristics of whole research universe (Kumar, 2014).

Data analysis: For conducting exploratory research study researcher will use both thematic and statistical analysis methods. Thematic analysis will help in completing qualitative research study in effective manner. But on the other hand, for resolving research issue and determining factors which are influencing Thai students towards the UK universities researcher needs to apply statistical method. These technique will help in analyzing numerical information in most effective manner (Lillis, 2008).

1.7 Dissertation structure

For completing whole study researcher will use a very specific structure which will comprise number of chapters. A brief discussion of these chapters are described as under:

Chapter 1 – Introduction: It can be considered as brief discussion of the whole research study. It comprises aim, objectives, focus, purpose and rational of the study. It helps in understanding the research behind the research. Further, this chapter will also provide appropriate support in getting information about the framework and analysis of the research methodology. Afterwards it also includes a systematic structure of the whole exploration investigation (Goddard and Melville, 2004).

Chapter 2 –Literature review: It is one of the important chapter for collecting secondary data on current research subject. This chapter will comprise historical research studies and their findings which are relevant to the current subject. It will help in getting insights to develop appropriate hypothesis or questionnaire for resolving research problem. Overall, it is one of the important chapter for understanding research subject.

Chapter 3 – Research Methodology: It comprises number of research method which will be required for completing investigation in effective manner. It helps in completing whole research in effective manner. This chapter will help in knowing about the data collection and analysis methods which will help in resolving research problem in effective manner (Kumar, 2014).

Chapter 4 –Data analysis: This chapter will comprise number of methods which will be used by researcher for analyzing facts and figures of the research subject. For the current research study author will comprise thematic and statistical analysis methods for examining collected facts and figures in effective manner. It will disclose the actual findings of the current research study.

Chapter 5 -Conclusion: The current study is based on different factors which are influencing the Thai students for moving towards the UK universities for higher education. So, it will comprise the conclusion and recommendations of the current study which will help in completing investigation in more effective manner (Daniel and Sam, 2011).

1.8 Significance of the study

Study on abroad is the major aim of current research and regarding this researcher has focused on Thai students which are moving towards the UK universities. So, findings of the current research will be beneficial for all those students who want to conduct future research on similar subjects. Along with this, it is also significant for those who are doing PhD on similar themes so, this study will be beneficial for understanding their research problem. Along with this, using the findings of current study future researcher will complete research on students of other nations who are moving towards the UK universities.

Chapter 2: Literature Review

Literature review can be defined as a process of collecting secondary information about the research subject. It plays important role in getting insights from theoretical framework about the research issues which will resolve it in appropriate way. Further, it will also help in conducting whole investigation using specific process (Coulter and Roggeveen, 2012). According to the research aim and objectives literature will be based on different motivational and personal factors which influence Thai students towards the higher education of UK. There are number of sources which plays important role in obtaining secondary information about the current subject which will provide appropriate solution for making meaningful conclusion for the present study. These sources includes, websites of Thai and UK universities, books, journals, articles, blogs and news, etc (Ziderman, 2015). Author will include different theories for analysing the current subject and determining research gap for the pres

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