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Introduction

Organizational behaviour is considered as key activities of the management where high authorities make plan in order to improve workplace environment so that employees can feel satisfied and can perform their work in effective manner (Besharov and Smith, 2014). In the absence of healthy workplace atmosphere people may feel demotivated and may get failed to work with efficiency. Present study is based on A David & Co Limited which is the small and medium size firm. It conducts its operations in the food and beverages industry. Company is planning to raise its revenues and increase satisfaction level of the consumers. For that it is very important that it retain its skilled people in the organization for longer duration. Current assignment will discuss influence of culture, politics and power on team and individual behaviour. Furthermore, it will evaluate the theories of motivation that can support the firm in aching its goal. In addition, report will evaluate the ways that help in creating an effective team.

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Task 1

P1 Influence of organizational culture, politics and power on individual and team behaviour

Organizational culture is the value, beliefs of the firm that creates environment in the workplace. This environment impact on the behaviour of employees significantly. Each firm has its own cultural aspects and accordingly it makes connection with its employees. Organizational culture impact on individual and team performance as well to great extent (Bolman and Deal, 2017). Handy's model of culture explain the four main types of culture that follows in workplace: Power, role, task and person culture.

  • Power culture: It is the culture in which company gives power to limited people only, all these are at higher position and take decision for the firm. These authorities allot workers to the workers and they force people to perform their work as per the guidance provided by their seniors (Morgenroth, Ryan and Peters, 2015). Power plays significant role in organization. If the person has power then individual is able to make decision in the firm.
  • Task culture: It is the type of culture where people have to work in a team. They are responsible to compete particular task within specified period of time. In this type of culture high authorities concentrate on specific needs of people and provide them necessary training so that individual can complete their work in effective manner.
  • Person culture: In this culture employees work for their own. Employees believe that they are important to the firm (Pinder, 2014). They are more concern for their own and do not concern about the common goal of entity. They perform their work just to get monitory benefits. They do not think about the organizational goal.
  • Role culture: It is much more based on rules and regulation. In these people have to workers under highly controlled environment. Role or designation of person determine its power in the firm. In this type of culture employees have to work under the highly defined structure (Lichtenberg, Lachmann and Fosshage, 2016). Power of decision making is in the hand of higher authorities and lower level workers have to follow their instruction.

A David & Co Limited is the small size firm which follows task culture in its workplace. A group is created and team members are allotted in this group. Each team are given specific task which they have to complete within specified period of time (Anwar and et.al., 2017). They get supervision from their higher authorities and give proper training so that they can perform their work effectively.

Culture, power and politics are the essential aspects in the business unit. These components can influence overall business performance of the firm to great extent. Recently A David & Co Limited is implementing task culture in the firm. This culture helps in allotting the work to each individual as per their capabilities. All people work in a group and all they work together for completing the given task in appropriate manner. But this type of culture some time create difficulty for the business unit (Rurkkhum and Bartlett, 2018). In this culture all people have to work their own work thus, they do not communicate with other departments. In such condition sometimes communication gap create difficulty for the business unit and increases mistake in the firm. Task culture influence working of individuals because all people perform their own work in efficient manner. This helps in making them comfortable and allotting them work as per their capabilities. Higher authorities supervise performance of each individual that helps in identifying mistakes on time and resolving these issues quickly. This helps in motivating people and team members. This enhances coordination among all team members those who are working together for completing the task. This helps in improving performance level of individuals and team members (Trybou and et.al., 2014).

Power and politics are another most important aspect of the business unit. There are many persons in A David & Co Limited those who are responsible to take decision in the business. Power and politics sometimes create negative environment in the firm. Some of the managers promote their favourite employees in the business unit thus, talented people fail to get promotional opportunities (Thomas and Vohra, 2015). It demotivates them and they become negative towards the brand. This affect their performance in the firm and they fail to put their hard efforts for accomplishing the goal.

Task 2

P2 Motivational theories

Motivation plays significant role in the business unit, it helps the manager in retaining skilled labour in the business unit for longer duration and enhancing their loyalty towards the brand.

Content theory of motivation

It is the most commonly used motivational theory which believes that if manager take care of needs of employees then it can be beneficial for the managers in motivating the people and making them positive towards the brand (Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, 2017).

Mazlow's motivational theory

Each person has different needs, there are five common needs which makes the person satisfied. These needs are self-esteem, safety, love and self-actualization. If managers know specific needs of the employees and take action in such manner so that these requirements of them can be accomplished then it would change the mind of workers and can make them positive towards the brand. Business adopt this motivation theory which can supports in satisfying the employees and retaining them in the workplace for longer duration.

Herzberg two factor theory

It is another type of motivational theory. It explains that there two major factors that can motivate the workers. These are hygiene and motivation (Besharov and Smith, 2014). If managers provide correct wages and attractive incentives, safe environment then employees can feel motivated and they will be loyal towards the brand. By this way they will put their hard efforts in order to perform their work with full efficiency. This is the way that can supports in encouraging people and retaining them in workplace for longer duration.

Process theory of motivation

Process theory is another model of motivation which describes that changes are helpful in encouraging people and changing their behaviour towards the brand. Positive changes always motivate employees and make them positive towards the firm (Morgenroth, Ryan and Peters, 2015).

Goal setting theory

A David & Co Limited takes support of goal setting theory in order to boost their workers in workplace. Company gives incentives and additional monitory benefits to the workers so that their needs can be fulfilled and they feel encouraged (Lichtenberg, Lachmann and Fosshage, 2016). Managers set goal for the staff members and on the bases of these goals performance of individuals are measured in business unit. When people put their hard efforts in order to accomplish these objectives then they get additional benefits from the managers. It motivates them and make them loyal towards the brand. Mangers of cited firm makes them able to face realistic challenges and contribute well in the accomplishment of objective. This is the way that supports in managing people well and changing their behaviour towards the corporation.

Reinforcement theory

It is another theory of motivation which explains that punishment and extinction are two major aspects which can motivate employees to great extent (Anwar and et.al., 2017). If person is performing well then higher authorities need to give them extinction but if they are making any mistakes then managers have to punish so them. This punishment supports them in learning new things and avoid repeating same mistake in the future. This is the way that motivate people in organization and make them able to improve their level of performance.

These motivational theories support the firm in managing their operations well and retaining skilled labour in workplace for longer duration (Rurkkhum and Bartlett, 2018). If people do not get motivation on time then it may affect their performance level and they may feel uncomfortable in business unit. In such condition many people think to leave their jobs. Entity has to encourage its employees by giving monitory and non-monitory benefits. This helps firm in increasing satisfaction level of staff members and making them loyal towards the brands. Motivation is beneficial for the growth of business, because if people are motivated then they will deal with consumers well. This makes customers loyal and they can make frequent buyers of entity. By this way sales revenues of the entity can get increased and support the corporation in gaining competitive advantage (Trybou and et.a


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