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Main aim of this task is to study the psychological perspectives. These psychological perspectives involve certain assumptions about the behaviour and beliefs of a human being. For this behaviourism, psycho-dynamic and biological theories are studied to explain Ross's behaviour. Physiological components are linked to the brain activities of an individual, the genes are the basic informational compound of a human being. As per the given case, Ross is the patient who is facing psychological issue and his feelings and physiological components mixes up creating a reaction in the mind to develop love for animals (Curtis and Day, 2013).
According to the Behaviourism theory, an individual’s behaviour is affected by the external stimuli. The conscious mind of an individual gets affected by the external and internal environment. With the impact of environment, a positive or negative reinforcement is generated. This enforcement generates repetitive urge for an animal. Biological theory suggests that Ross's behaviour is inclined towards the love for animal due to his genetic inheritance (Coon and Mitterer, 2012).
The mind consists of various stimuli which trigger to reaction on any thought or feeling of a human being. Psycho-dynamic theory on the other hand objects on the variables of science and states that a human behaviour is all made up inside any individual’s personality. To understand Ross's behaviour of animals, the psychologist must get to the inside of Ross's head to understand what triggers his love for animals. The behaviour might be impacted by the effect of different personalities in one's mind thus each behaviour has a cause. Ross's love for animals may be generated from his childhood memories. The behaviour which Ross encountered being a child would have impacted his deep love for animals in his unconscious mind. Ross adult's personality is the product of his childhood experiences. His personality and ego through the psycho sexual phase of his childhood triggered the features which generates his association with animals (Compare and contrast the main approaches - Biological and Behaviourist, biological and cognitive, Psycho dynamic and Behaviourist, 2015).
The behaviour and psycho-dynamic theories; both have similarities and differences in their approaches. Behaviour theory suggests that the behaviour of an individual is created by the external conditions which intercept with the mental state of the human being. Likewise, psycho-dynamic theory also says that individuals’ behaviour and feelings are a result of powerful affection with his/her unconscious mind (Coon and Mitterer, 2012). Psycho-dynamic theory states that each kind of behaviour has a cause. However, behaviour theory also states that each individual’s behaviour is affected by the external stimuli present in the environment.
The first difference between psycho-dynamic theory and behaviour theory is that behaviour theory deals only with nature whereas psycho-dynamic studies both factors of nature and nurture. Psycho-dynamic theory approach highlights the variants of childhood experiences and their impact on human mind. Ross's love for animal is likely to be encountered by his childhood experiences. On the other hand, behaviour study suggests that, the impact of society shapes behaviour and nurture belief. (Atkinson and et.al., 2014). Another major difference between both the theories can be understood in terms that behaviour theory suggests that functions of brain determine the behaviour that patient possess. This is due to the fact Ross loves animals and pets. On the contrary, when psychologist applies psycho dynamic approach in Ross's case, he would understand that the behaviour of Ross towards animals is due to the factors which have been impacted deep in his personality.
From the above report, it can be concluded that field of psychology deals with the human functioning and behaviour of human personality. Result of this psychological factor has shaped Ross's personality in a way that he perceives love for animals. Ross's love for animal is likely to be encountered by his childhood experiences and the affect of external environment.
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