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Public Health in Australia

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Prevalence (health statistics) of this Chronic Kidney disease for the Australian population

Comparing indigenous and non-Indigenous populations

The chronic diseases consists of different varies disease which has be direct impact on the human body with its long lasting and persistent effect. It consists of diseases such as Cancer, Chronic kidney disease and mental health (Wong and et.al., 2016). Along with that, diabetes, respiratory diseases such as asthma and COPD as well as oral health are also included which do affect the population of Australia to a great extent. According to the statistics during 2012-13 one out of five aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people above the age of 18 were suffering from this disease.  

However, for indigenous people Stage 1 chronic kidney disease is indicated three times as likely. On the other hand, it is more than four times as likely as to have among non-indigenous population of Australia (Luke and et.al., 2016). It is also noticed that more than 40% of people over the age of 75 years have an incidence of chronic kidney diseases. These people are also at greater risk to have two to three fold cardiac death than people without the disease. This prevails commonly among indigenous and non-indigenous population of Australia.   

Outlining the burden of this chronic disease (DALY/YLL) for the Australian population

As per the study conducted by Gao and et.al., (2007), it is identified that globally it is identified that incidence of end stage renal disease is higher among aboriginal; but the specific reasons for the disease is yet to be identified. Moving on to the part of burden, it can be said that it is more among aboriginal and it is also believed to be influenced by the rising incidence of diabetes. Thus, it can be said that diabetes is one of the reasons that leads to such health problem in the population of Australia.  

From the recent study, it is also analyzed that higher rates of ESRD may be driven by more rapid progression of kidney dysfunction among individuals who have more CKD. Thus, as a result this brings higher risks like as heavier proteinuria as well as genetic and environmental factors (Thompson and et.al., 2016). It is also identified that extensive progression in the same disease is required to be resolved as this brings implications for the development of strategies which also aids in decreasing ESRD rates among the Australian population.     

Outlining any health policies/strategies which have been developed in association with this

The national strategic framework for chronic condition has been developed in order to ensure the partnership with territories and strategies This enables government of Australia took over the department of health and accordingly take the suitable action for offering remedy for the people suffering from disease (Jesudason & Clifton, 2016). It was released in the year 2016 through which affected people are treated by taking action. With the development of this framework extensive support will be provided for range of health refer activities in order to ensure the prevention and management of chronic condition in Australia (Gopinath and et.al., 2016).

References  

  • Gao, S. and et.al. (2007). Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease and Survival among Aboriginal People. Journal of the American society of Nephrology.  
  • Gopinath, B., Harris, D. C., Flood, V. M., Burlutsky, G., & Mitchell, P. (2016). Associations between dairy food consumption and chronic kidney disease in older adults. Scientific Reports, 6.
  • Jesudason, D., & Clifton, P. (2016). Limitations of using the Chronic Kidney Disease–Epidemiology Collaboration equation for measuring renal function in obese populations. Kidney international, 89(6), 1400-1401.
  • Luke, J. N. and et.al., (2016). Nutritional predictors of chronic disease in a Central Australian Aboriginal cohort: A multi-mixture modelling analysis. Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, 26(2), 162-168.
  • Thompson, M. and et.al., (2016). Kidney function as a determinant of HDL and triglyceride concentrations in the Australian population. Journal of clinical medicine, 5(3), 35.
  • Wong, G. and et.al., (2016). Chronic kidney disease and the risk of cancer: an individual patient data meta-analysis of 32,057 participants from six prospective studies. BMC cancer, 16(1), 488.
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