Harvard Referencing Overview
Points of interest
There are two types of citations styles in this referencing technique.
In-text Citation: when a source is directly quoted. They are mentioned in the body and contain a part of the full citation.
Reference List: They are written at the very end of the entire document and show full citations for sources used in the paper.
In-text: "When the last one falls, I must go, too. I’ve known that for three days…" (The Last Leaf, 1907).
Reference List: O Henry, F. (2004). Moving Picture World. New York
Books with one author:
Following is the format for citing a book with single author:
Last name, first initial. (Year). Title. Edition (if not the first edition of the book). City of publication: Publisher.
Coelho, P. (1988). The Alchemist. 5th ed. Brazil: Knopf.
Coelho, P. (1988). The Alchemist. Brazil: Knopf.
Citations for books with multiple authors:
If you have to cite a book with two or more authors, then for an in-text reference mention only the first author's name followed by 'et al.' While for a reference list, all the authors must be listed in the order they are credited in the original work.
Last name, first initial., Last name, first initial., and Last name, first initial. (Year). Title. City of publication: Publisher.
Cheryl, V D., Steven, W., and Harold, C B. (2007).Business policy and strategy : the art of competition. Boca Raton: Auerbach Publications.
King, S. and Straub, P. (1984). The Talisman. Madison, United States of America: Viking.
Citations for a chapter in edited books:
While citing a single chapter in a book, it is crucial to make sure that you add the page range (pp.) according to the chapter. When citing an individual chapter, you must include the edition of the book.
Last name, first initial. (Year). Chapter title. In: Editor's name/s (ed/s) Book Title. Edition. City of publication: Publisher. Page/s
Lawrence,J.A., Dodds, A.E. (2003). Goal directed activities and life span. In: J. Valsiner & K. Connolly, ed., Handbook of Developmental Psychology, 1st ed. London: Sage Publications., pp. 517 533.
Tools for creating Harvard Book references:
Citation for Printed Journals:
Include the volume and the page number while citing an article from a printed journal.
Last name, First initial. (Year). Article Title. Journal name, Volume (Issue), Page/s.
Jacoby, W. G. (1994). Public attitudes toward government spending. American Journal of Political Science, 38(2), pp 336-361.
Citation for Newspaper Articles – Printed or Online:
Citations of newspapers are similar to journal articles. Variations in formatting occur when the articles are found online. Read the following examples:
Print: Last name, First initial. (Year published). Article title. Newspaper, Page(s).
Online: Last name, First initial. (Year). Article Title. Newspaper name, Page/s. Retrieved from: Journal name/ URL if freely available.
Schwartz, J. (1993). Obesity affects economic, social status. The Washington Post, pp. A1, A4.
Brody, J. E. (2007, December 11). Mental reserves keep brain agile, The New York Times, pp 11. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com
Citations for Magazine Articles – Print or Online:
You must always mention the volume of the magazine in Harvard referencing.
Printed: Last name, First initial. (Year). Article title. Magazine name, volume, Page/s.
Online: Last name, First initial. (Year, Month Day). Article Title. Magazine name, [online] Page/s. Retrieved from: URL
Rothbart, D. (2008). How I Caught up with Dad. Men's Health (37) pp. 108-13.
Folger, T. (2013, January 2). What Causes the Weight of the World. Discover Magazine. Retrieved from: http://discovermagazine.com/2013/jan-feb/1-found-the-god-particle