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Harvard Referencing Overview

It is a writing style used in assignments and research papers to source the quotes, text from the book and findings by writers, students and researchers to support their statements and conclusions without violating academic laws.

Harvard Referencing is divided into two main components: In-Text Citations and Reference List. This referencing style says that while using any source in the document, its citation should be mentioned in the text as well as in the reference list added at the end of the document.

While sourcing anything from anywhere, be it online references, YouTube videos, podcasts, magazines, journals, newspapers, etc., its citation must be present in both the places, in-text and reference list. It is important as it tells the reader that particular information is taken from the outside source and not written by you.

Be careful that even the comma and full-stops are placed correctly while citing any source in the document.

Let’s dig more into both the components.

In-Text Citation: In the In-Text Citations, sources are cited very briefly in case you have done paraphrasing of any piece of text or quoted any lines from any source.

Reference List: This is placed at the end of the document to help the reader locate the particular text from the document in the reference list. The reference list is sorted in alphabetical order that makes it simple for the reader to find any source on that list.

These citations and references should be closed in parenthesis against the body of the content that will make the reader understand that he can find this In-Text Citation and locate its reference at the end of the document.

Harvard referencing style uses the author-date system to indicate the author’s name and the publication year of sources, for example (Coelho, 2010).

Easy Tricks to Get Plagiarism-Free Content

  • Create an outline on how would you like to manage your work so that you do not miss out on relevant details. Build a structure to work smoothly.
  • During your research, jot down every source that you’re taking any data from. If you’re referencing a book or an online page, note the publication dates, page numbers, author’s name, book name, edition number, etc. While quoting any line from any resource, place the commas carefully so that the reader can understand that this information is not written by you but by someone else. Does this seem to be tiring work? Get the help of our Harvard 10th edition referencing generator online to cite the sources perfectly in your research papers.
  • When you create the outline, sort the time duration for every plan. Use the working hours effectively to meet the targets. To avoid the chances of plagiarism or errors, keep enough time for proofreading and editing.
  • If you are molding any data and using any information in your paper that is taken from any other source, then you should use the technique of paraphrasing and rewrite the lines in your own words. Use punctuation marks and follow the guidelines to differentiate your written text from the original one.
  • Whenever you are following any writing style, always keep a different file that consists of all the sources, references, important years, dates, page numbers, etc. If that’s getting chaotic for you, then use our website’s feature that generates Harvard referencing style for your paper.
  • If you can prove that your data is well-researched and compliments certain academic writing guidelines, your work stands for

You can take the help of online Harvard referencing generator that Assignment Prime provides for the students to let them work with ease.

What are some sources that can be used for citing a piece of information using the Harvard referencing style?

Some sources that can be used while drafting any academic paper and we are listing the methods to cite them as in-text and in the reference list.

  • Book
  • Website
  • Journal
  • DVD, YouTube video or films
  • Online image
  • Blog
  • E-Book
  • Encyclopedia
  • Interview
  • Magazine
  • Newspaper
  • Podcast
  • Press release
  • Music

How to cite a Book in the body of the content and reference list?

In-Text Citation

Format- (Author Last name, Publication Year )

Example- “the marines were....(Coelho, 2010)

Reference List

Format- Author’s Last name, Author’s Initials. (Publication Year) Title. Edition. City. Publisher. P. Pages.

Example- Coelho, P. (2010) Aleph. New York City. Harper Collins. P. 34.

How to cite a Website in the body of the content and reference list?

In-Text Citation

Format- (Author’s Last name, Publication Year)

Example- (Obama, 2018)

Reference List

Format- Author’s Last name, Author’s Initial. (Publication Year) Title. Publisher. Available at: http://Website URL (Accessed: Date Accessed).

Example- Obama, M. (2018) Becoming. Crown Publishing Group. Available at: http://xyz/xyz/xyz00 (Accessed: 10th November 2020)

How to cite a Journal in the body of the content and reference list?

In-Text Citation

Format- (Author’s Last name, Publication Year)

Example- (Xy and Yz, 2014)

Reference List

Format- Author1 Last name, Author’s Initial and Author3 Last name, Author’s initial. (Publication Year) “Title”, Publication Title in Italics, Volume number(Issue Number), p. Pages Used. Doi: DOI number

Example- Xy, X and Yz, Y. (2014) “Xyz”, XYZ, 21(9), pp. 45-89. doi: 10.11.16

How to cite a DVD, YouTube video or films in the body of the content and reference list?

In-Text Citation

Format- (ChannelName, Publication Year)

Example- (Xyz, 2001)

Reference List

Format- ChannelName (Published Year) Title, Youtube. Available at: htts://youtube.com/watch?hhggx (Accessed: date).

Example- Xyz (2001) VVVVV, YouTube. Available at: htts://youtube.com/watchhhjh909 (Accessed: 10th December 2019).

How to cite an Online Image in the body of the content and reference list?

In-Text Citation

Format- (Author’s Last name, Publication Year)

Example- (Krazie, 2015)

Reference List

Format- Author’s Last name, Author’s Initial (Published Year) Title, viewed on date, image, viewed date, URL.

Example- Krazie, M (2015) Research and Development Methods, image, viewed on 16 December 2019, https://abc/bsbs/jsjsj909.

How to cite a Blog in the body of the content and in the reference list?

In-Text Citation

Format- (Author’s Last name, Publication Year)

Example- (Bennett, 2011)

Reference List

Format- Author Surname, Author Initial. (Year Published) 'Title', Publication Title. Available at: http://URL (Accessed: Date Accessed).

Example- Bennett, K. (2011) 'Defining the undefinable', Katrina Bennett. Available at: http://katrina.definingtheundefinable.2506.com (Accessed: 25 October 2019).

How to cite an E-book or Pdf in the body of the content and in the reference list?

In-Text Citation

Format- (Author’s Last name, Publication Year)

Example- (Hangstorm, 2013)

Reference List

Format- Author’s Last name, Author’s Initial. (Published Year) Title. City: Publisher, p. Pages Used. Available at: http://Website URL (Accessed: Date Accessed).

Example- Hangstorm, R. (2013) The Warren Buffett Way. 3rd ed. Wiley. New Jersey. Available at: https://www.worldcat.org/title/warren-buffett-way/oclc/849641787 (Accessed: 2nd December 2018).

How to cite an Interview in the body of the content and in the reference list?

In-Text Citation

Format- (Interviewee’s Last name, Publication Year)

Example- (Musk, 2018)

Reference List

Format- Interviewer’s Last name, Interviewer’s First Initials. and Interviewee’s Last name and Interviewee’s First Initials. (Interview Year). ‘Title of Interview. Location.

Example- Brownlee, M. and Musk, E. (2018). ‘Talking Tech with Elon Musk’.

How to cite a Magazine in the body of the content and in the reference list?

In-Text Citation

Format- (Author’s Last name, Publication Year)

Example- (Hirsch, 2020)

Reference List

Format- Author’s Last name, Initials. (Published Year) ‘Article Title’, Magazine, p. Pages Used. Available at: https://URL (Accessed: Date).

Example- Hirsch, A. (2020) ‘Trailblazer, Mentor, Provocateur: How Naomi Campbell Changed Modeling Forever’, Vogue. Available at: https://www.vogue.com/article/naomi-campbell-cover-november-2020 (Accessed: 14th October 2020)

How to cite a Podcast in the body of the content and in the reference list?

In-Text Citation

Format- (Author’s Last name, Publication Year)

Example- (Regan, 2018)

Reference List

Format- Author’s Last name, Initials. (Published Year) Episode Title. [podcast]. Podcast Title. Available at: http://URL (Accessed: Date).

Example- Regan, J. (2018) Joe Regan Experience #1169. [podcast]. The Joe Regan Experience. Available at: http://podcasts.joerogan.net/ (Accessed: 12th January 2019).

How to cite a piece of Music in the body of the content and in reference list?

In-Text Citation

Format- (Last name of the singer or the band, Released year)

Example- (Gomez, 2020)

Reference List

Format- Last name of the singer or the band, Firstname initial. (Released year) Song Title, Album. Publisher. Available at: URL (Accessed: date).

Example- Gomez, S. (2020) Look At Her Now, Rare. Interscope Records. Available at: www.spotify.com (Accessed: 12October2020).

How to cite a Newspaper in the body of the content and in the reference list?

In-Text Citation

Format- (Author’s Last name, Publication Year)

Example- (The Hindu, 2014)

Reference List

Format- Author’s Last name, Author’s Initial. (Published Year) 'Title', Publication Title, p. Pages Used. Available at: http://Website URL (Accessed: Date Accessed).

Example- The Hindu, (2014) ‘Solar Panel Issuance by Sameera Reddy’.

How to cite a Press Release in the body of the content and in the reference list?

In-Text Citation

Format- (Author, Publication Year)

Example- (Global Assignment Help, 2019)

Reference List

Format- Author (Published year). Press Release Title. Available at: URL (Accessed: date).

Example- Global Assignment Help (2019). Economic Deals on Halloween. Available at: www.abc.com (Accessed: 15September2020).

How to cite an Encyclopedia in the body of the content and in the reference list?

In-Text Citation

Format- (Author’s Last name, Publication Year)

Example- (Kindersley, 2013)

Reference List

Format- Author’s Last name, Firstname Initial. (Published Year) ‘Title’, Publication Title. City: Publisher.

Example- Kindersley, D. (2013) ‘Knowledge Encyclopedia Human Body!’, Knowledge Encyclopedia. D.K. Publisher.

You can also use our APA referencing 7th edition online generator for your research papers.

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