Change In Attitudes To Welfare System Over Recent Times In Britain
A welfare system is defined as an assistance which is given by government of country to fulfil the needs of any individual. Amount given in welfare system differs according to the state and country (Bradshaw, 2016). In the present scenario, welfare system in Britain has been changed drastically. Attitude of British people has changed towards the welfare system. Spending of government on poor section of society has declined in the past decades. Public of the country thinks that benefits which should be provided to jobless women are enough for their livelihoods.
People also describe that they should be given with enough amount of welfare to live. 56% of public thinks that the welfare amount given to unemployed people is not enough to survive and living a standard life (Yeates, 2014). Other people think that the benefit given to any unemployed person is more than enough to survive. Labour community of the country has found that employment given to them by government is sometimes at risk. At the time of recession, employment of labour is at risk. However, public is liking the welfare given to disabled people. Government of country is giving benefits to disabled people by giving pensions and extra spending. Support for health and education has been improved in the previous decades. Public of nation is getting benefits from social advantages given by the government. 13% of people think that benefits for jobless people should be given with more priority.
2. Assessment Of Impact Of Welfare State
Welfare assessment is essential to identify the impact of benefit given by government. There are various approaches to assess the impact of welfare state. Following are the approaches of assessing welfare state:
Survey method: To assess the impact of welfare policy on public, a survey method can be used in which questions can be asked to people. In survey, benefits of welfare system should be asked to people living in the nation (Yeates, ed., 2014). Individuals can be asked to rate how welfare policy has helped them in their livelihood. Response of individuals on benefits given by the government of UK could be asked. Questionnaire should be made in which different questions should be asked to public about the impact of welfare on their lifestyle. Interview of each person who is getting benefits from welfare system should be used to assess the affects of benefits. Question can be asked either online or offline to find out the impacts of welfare system on families and unemployed people.
Written reflection: In this technique, people can be asked about their experiences about welfare benefits in written form. Under the same, questions could be asked like what is the most important benefit they have got from the welfare policy. In written reflection method people can write their grievances in welfare benefits.
Interviews: Interviews constitute numerous open ended queries that can be used to find out the impact of welfare system. Face to face interviews can be done with each individual involved in welfare system. It can conducted with 4 to 5 number of people to find out pros and cons of welfare states.
Observation: In this method, proper observation should be done on people who are provided welfare by state. From observation, it will become easy to find out the experiences of individuals and impact of welfare policy.
3. Social policy made in Britain made by national government of London
Yes, social policy made in Britain is made by national government of London. This plan of action describes about the condition of social services and system of welfare (Kawalerowicz and Biggs, 2015). It is also called as the policy of social welfare system. It gives relationship of social welfare with political conditions. This considers the issue of welfare system and problems with social services. Also, it involves policies made for income and health of people in the country.
The social policy is made in country to a provide welfare benefits to individual living in nations. The policy made by government is to analyse education system in the region. It also includes changes in the latest plan of action. This policy is used by government to assess the problem which is affecting services of public. It involves poverty and health plans made by government to support individual. Issues like family policy and disability are included in the social policy. Welfare delivery and access to welfare are also analysed in this plan.
4. Public social expenditure in Britain
Public social expenditure is termed as spending of government on public sector for the activities performed by it. The public social expenditure has been developed to provide help to people involved in social policy. The database includes statistics on both public and private sector as well as it finds out total social spending on these sectors. It is a unique tool to find out the average social expenditure on each sector of community (Taylor-Gooby, ed., 2016). It is used to analyse the changes in policies. Public spending is a term which itself defines the aggregate spending of all expenditures in public sector (Burton, 2015). Government of Britain is using this tool to identify the average spending on country's public sector. It uses this measure to determine the expenses in all sectors which are made by local authorities and public ventures.
This includes spending on benefits for health, disbursement on welfare, education expenditure, as well as expenses on housing and local transport cost. British economy is making use of this tool to find out the total expenditure of government on each sector of society. 21 percent of British economy constitutes to the total public expenditure (Social policy UK, 2017). Annual expenditure includes spending on each department like agricultural and technical. They involve spending from all of the firms and subsidies granted to private sector of society. Overall, the public social expenditures are used to monitor the aggregate spending of government in a year on public and private sectors. Further, this tool also covers financial flows of public and private sector of the country.
- Bradshaw, J., 2016. The Wellbeing of Children in the UK. Policy Press.
- Burton, M., 2015. Calling for justice: comparing telephone and face-to-face advice in social welfare legal aid. Doctoral dissertation, London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE).
- Kawalerowicz, J. and Biggs, M., 2015. Anarchy in the UK: Economic deprivation, social disorganization, and political grievances in the London Riot of 2011.Social Forces. 94(2). pp.673-698.
- Taylor-Gooby, P. ed., 2016. Choice and public policy: the limits to welfare markets. Springer.
- Yeates, N. ed., 2014. Understanding global social policy. Policy Press.