What are the different sub-fields of Civil Engineering?

July 06, 2017
Civil Engineering Branches

Civil Engineering has a significant role in the life of every individual, though they may not truly sense its importance in their daily routine. It is a department of professional engineering that is concerned with the designing, manufacturing and repairing of human-made and natural structures which include roads, bridges, airports, railroads, buildings, water treatment plants, drainage, landfills, and several others. Here are a few branches of Civil Engineering explained by our Engineering Assignment Writers which a student should know about:

Construction Engineering

Construction Engineering involves planning, constructing and managing the infrastructures such as bridges, railroads, highways, airports, etc. It requires the involvement of Transportation, Environmental, Geotechnical and Structural Engineers for executing the designs. Construction Engineers help in creating infrastructures that meet the demands of its environment. They should have a precise knowledge of Mathematics, Science, and Communication and should also be adept at time management and analytical skills.

Transportation Engineering

Transportation Engineering focuses on applying technologies and scientific principles for the planning, managing, operating and functioning of designs to make the modes of transportation more comfortable, safe, rapid, economical and compatible with the environment. However, before proceeding with the plans, Transportation Engineers inspect the area by checking the population, economic activities, travel patterns, community expectations and values, transportation services and facilities, laws, etc.

Water Resource Engineering

Water Resource Engineering deals with designing and creating new systems and equipment that contribute to helping the human water resources. This field requires an in-depth knowledge of Meteorology, Hydraulic and Geology. Water Resource Engineers assist in implanting underground water wells, natural springs and water treatment plants.

Earthquake Engineering

Earthquake Engineering is a part of Civil Engineering that is concerned with the lives and properties of individuals as it is used to reduce the chances of damage caused due to earthquakes. The primary aim of Earthquake Engineers is to keep in mind that if the structure is in the earthquake prone area, then they have to take necessary measures before designing it in order to minimise the risk of damage.

Environmental Engineering

Environmental Engineering assists in giving protection to the individuals from unfavorable environmental effects such as pollution, global warming, etc. Environmental Engineers upgrade the environment-friendly measures that comprises waste disposal, recycling, air pollution control, water pollution control and public health.

Geotechnical Engineering

Geotechnical Engineering concerns with soils, rocks, foundations of buildings and bridges, sewers, highways and underground water systems. Technical information obtained from Earth materials are applied in the design of foundations and structures to make sure the safety of construction.

Civil Engineering is a field which comes with great opportunities and responsibilities. A Civil Engineer can work in an office, field, or a combination of both the places. We hope you’ve found this blog informative, and if you do, then don’t forget to share it.

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