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Qualities involved in Being a Successful Leader

1. The Things involved in being a successful leader

The most important quality of a leader is that they are highly committed to their work. Effective leaders are those who have high potential or strength to deal with complex as well as difficult situation. Highly skilled or effective leaders have high influencing power with the support of which they motivate other people to work for benefit of an organisation. Due to good communication abilities , leaders develop the strong relationship with other people which further help them in inspiring people to increase their participation in business activities (Salter and Coleman,2015). The best leaders posses combination of various abilities as well as core competencies which enables therm to become different from other p

There are various models as well as theories which defines the skills and qualities of an effective leader.

Individual :

Trait Theory : This hypothesis is based on the assumption that leaders are born. Trait theory also states that an individual those who have suitable qualities as well as traits can become leaders. This theory also dictates that behavioural characteristics are common in all the larders. Traits theory also states that leaders have some specific qualities which enables them to lead . The some qualities which are highlighted by Trait theory are :

Assertiveness: It is defined as the quality of being self-assured and confident . Effective leaders are always assured and they have confidence on decision made by them. Leaders with assertive quality or skills share their opinion and by utilising such ability they influence other people for executing specific task (Rahim, 2017). Such types of leaders also respect the opinions or ideas shared by other people.

Dependability: It is considered to be as necessary trait which an individual as a leader is required to posses. This trait assist leaders in developing trust. An effective leader has sense of responsibility as well as dependability. For instance, With dependability leaders can have focus on more than one activity (Lopez and Ensari,2014). The dependability trait assist leader on getting the task completed on time. Another instance, supporting followers in completing their work will assist leader in reducing the time required for training to employees and keeps operations moving with fewer mistakes. It also assists in building unity among team members.

Persistence : Leaders with such type of trait consider failure as the temporary hurdles. In other words' leader have high potential to continue move forward. Effective leaders have high strength to accept the challenge. For instance , popular leaders like, Thomas J. Watson was conned and had no money, investment or job. Uncertain situation has happened in life of Thomas due to which he lost his money (Iqbal,2013). But still he has taken high efforts to achieve success in his career, as of a result of which Thomas J. has successfully accomplished his career objectives.

Adaptability : It is the good quality of the best leaders that they can easily adjust themselves in new environment. Adaptability is considered to be as most valuable ability.

Katz’s Three Skills Model : As per this hypothesis an effective leader posses mainly three skills these are technical, conceptual and human.

Technical skills: Knowledge of Unix/Linux Operating System , data base management system , etc. are considered to be as technical skills. Technical knowledge varies as per the nature of business operations.

Human skills: It includes the ability of an individual to work with other people. This ability enables leaders to work effectively. Example of human skills include ability to communicate, influencing power etc.

Conceptual skills: Such types of abilities assist leader in developing new ideas. For instance creativity, decision making etc.

Lewis leadership styles :

Autocratic leadership style : Leaders with this type of leading style make their own decision without consulting with other team members.

Demographic leadership : leaders with this type of style involves team members in decision making process.

Laissez-Faire : Such types of leaders allow other people to take decision on their behalf.

Contextual :

Situational approach :This concept of leadership states that there is no single style which can be used by leaders in all situation. It is required by leaders to select leadership style based on need by followers as well as demand of situation. Instance of situational leadership can be based on the following situation one is telling , in this leader defines the roles as well as responsibility of worker closely supervises them.

Contingency Model :This hypothesis states that leaders is required to change their management style based on the situation. Contingency Model also dictates that motivations are contingent upon the ability of leader to control situations.

Path Goal theory : It is required by leaders in an organisation to set the short or long term targets for their followers (Barrick and et.al., 2013). This concept states that leaders are accountable for clearing a “path" for followers , so that they can easily achieve their goals.

Relational

Servant leadership: Leader with this type of leadership approach have good listening skills. In addition to this they also have some qualities like healing, empathy, awareness and persuasion. Example of servant leader is mahatma Gandhi He acknowledges the insecurities and doubts faced by followers.

Transformational leadership: For instance, Steve Jobs is transformational leader. He is known for this various qualities such as simplicity , sophistication and perfection. With the supports of such qualities he drives the apple organisation towards achievement of success (Daft,2014). Steve Jobs has bought the transformation in an organisation by challenging his followers to develop creative thinking.

Leader member exchange theory : it is recognised as relationship-based approach to leadership which emphasizes on two-way relationship.

2.Can good leadership be developed, and if so, how?

Yes, leadership can be developed in an individual which can be achieved by practising in different aspect which leads to develop and improve it in may aspects. Some people might be natural leaders but other can develop this skill for effective leading of subordinates. It can be seen from various perspective which are discussed as below:

Individual Perspective

From the view of a single identity there are two types of characteristics which are associate with traits and skills, both are considered to be different aspect of a personality as traits are considered to be the features which are there by birth and can be regarded as god gifted whereas skills are the capabilities which are built with time or can be develop itself (Antonakis and Day, 2017). Traits are very difficult to develop as they are present in the subconscious mind of a person on the other side skills can be learnt which makes him specialised for performing better.

Some of the leadership traits which are already developed in a person and known to be a born leader . Some of these traits are discussed as below:

  1. Self managing- Not every individual can manage things in life effectively. Some people are good in managing every task which are involved in professional as well as personal life effectively and it is well said that a good leader is also an effective manager.
  2. Acting Strategically- This one of the important trait that an individual possess. His thinking procedure is very different as compared to other people as he is a forward thinker and adopts the open minded approach.
  3. Good Communicator- He is known to be an effective communicator as he is very expert in expressing his views very well and can also influence other individual successfully.
  4. Accountable and Responsible- He is a person who always initiate to take the responsibility and takes on account for any error or mistake instead of blaming it on other.

On the other side skills ca be develop by adopting the qualities of a leader and also practising it in daily life that leads to improve it and make it a habit and can build a leader such as ability of influencing others, keeping up of good relation with others, trying to analyse any information in a particular way for learning the importance of making effective decisions, ability of executing and delivering on time etc.

Contextual Perspective

There are many approaches of leadership which one can adopt in order to implement it effectively on the people according to the need of the Scenario (Lukina, Azadegan and Hooker, 2017). Some of the approaches are discussed as below:

Qualities or Trait Approach: In which the individual adopts their inherited traits to solve the situation and control the subordinates.

Functional Approach: According to this approach person can develop skills of leadership according to the scenario and can learn effective skills which would enhance his leadership in order to control the individual.

Behavioural Styles Approach: This approach is adopted in order to focus on the behavioural aspect of people who are the subordinates and according to it they develop those attitudes and behaviour to handle them effectively.

Situational Approach: In this one leads to adopt the best style which is most applicable to the situation and would provide effective decisions. It can vary according to situations.

Relational perspective

In this for performing an effective leadership one has to develop good relation with others which is very important in order to gain the support and trust of all the followers who can even stand for any mistake and also has a faith on leader. Effective relation can be maintained by developing effective communication skills which would lead to express the feeling, thinking and beliefs of a leader to his followers while he should also be a good listener who is always ready for listening the problems, suggestions of his followers that would lead to make the relation much stronger on the basis of respect which is very important for a good control on subordinates (Smalley and et. al., 2016). Apart from this he must have a sound technical knowledge in order to enlighten their followers in a right manner.Manager is an individual, who is responsible of controlling as well as administering an organization, staff or a group. He is considered to be an in charge so as to get the set of activities and tasks to be done. There can be set of employees who can be responsible for reporting the manager. In certain company, there can be certain designated managers for each of the department who have high dependence of functions of whole of the department or team. Managers play an important role in building a bridge between senior managers and subordinates (Sutherland, 2013). He helps in translating higher level strategies and goals into certain operational plans that helps in driving the overall business. The role of manager is accountable to senior executives for the performance of subordinates who are real working hand o the company. Manager tend to support, guides and manage operational aspects of the business. There are various managerial functions that may vary from department to department. These are, hiring and staffing, coaching and initiating development of existing set of employees, conducting timely performance evaluation, monitoring performance and initiating actions according to the requirements, planning and setting future goals for the team etc.

Although, the method of handling team may vary from individual to individual, there is specific set of belief which states that a manager is appointed to manage various aspects of the business. Further, role may also vary asper functional department of the company. A manager possesses to have good as well as effective communication skills, which is inclusive of, e mail, one to one conversations, small and large group conversations, constructive feedbacks and coaching the existing and new employees of the department or team (Bush and Glover, 2012). Critical thinking aspect is also generally present with the manager, where, bigger picture of overall project can be analysed to enhance overall effectiveness. Managing projects of the business so as to ensure that adequate amount of profits and revenue can be generated out of it can also be an effective approach that is required to be adopted by an individual who aim to be a manager.

2. Difference between leadership and management

Manager is an individual, who is responsible of controlling as well as administering an organization, staff or a group. He is considered to be an in charge so as to get the set of activities and tasks to be done. There can be set of employees who can be responsible for reporting the manager. In certain company, there can be certain designated managers for each of the department who have high dependence of functions of whole of the department or team. Managers play an important role in building a bridge between senior managers and subordinates (Sutherland, 2013). He helps in translating higher level strategies and goals into certain operational plans that helps in driving the overall business. The role of manager is accountable to senior executives for the performance of subordinates who are real working hand o the company. Manager tend to support, guides and manage operational aspects of the business. There are various managerial functions that may vary from department to department. These are, hiring and staffing, coaching and initiating development of existing set of employees, conducting timely performance evaluation, monitoring performance and initiating actions according to the requirements, planning and setting future goals for the team etc.

Although, the method of handling team may vary from individual to individual, there is specific set of belief which states that a manager is appointed to manage various aspects of the business. Further, role may also vary asper functional department of the company. A manager possesses to have good as well as effective communication skills, which is inclusive of, e mail, one to one conversations, small and large group conversations, constructive feedbacks and coaching the existing and new employees of the department or team (Bush and Glover, 2012). Critical thinking aspect is also generally present with the manager, where, bigger picture of overall project can be analysed to enhance overall effectiveness. Managing projects of the business so as to ensure that adequate amount of profits and revenue can be generated out of it can also be an effective approach that is required to be adopted by an individual who aim to be a manager.

A leader is way too different from an individual who possess only the characteristics of being a manager. Leaders are generally involved in creating vision, which is quite beneficial for the company and it can also be apart from generation of profits and revenue (Doh and Quigley, 2014). However, in case of manager, he tends to indulge in preparing goals which can be highly functioning for the company. Researchers have stated that leaders hold the quality of being unique where they are self-aware and build their own differentiated personal brand. However, in case of managers, they are mimic of other who have been running to compete with each other. It has also been stated that a leader can also have the qualities of manager (Morton and et.al., 2017). However, there is less possibility that all the manager tends to posses the quality of being a leader. In this way, it can be stated that, a leader have distinguishable qualities rather than being a manager.

Leader is the person who is responsible for guiding people and motivate them to do work to achieve the objectives of organisation. The qualities of leader which are beneficial for the organisation. Leader must be having all the below qualities which are beneficiary for the organisation.

  1. Honesty and integrity - leader must posses with the honest behaviour which is necessary for the organisation. This is the significant quality of person. He must be doing the work without any errors. It is the best part of leader to be an honest person.
  2. Confident- he must be confident enough to address all the person who are working. This quality must be have by the leader through which if all the orders are given to subordinates must follow them. This makes the respect in eyes of people. Overconfidence is nit needed. He must be enough confident which are required in that situation(Sutherland 2013).
  3. Inspiration to others- he must be inspiration to other people. People get encourage by seeing him. He must be a source of motivation to people. By setting good example make status of himself. He must be like that, by seeing him people are aspire to become like him.
  4. Commitment and passion-he must be very hard working towards his work. As the team members look up to him, they aspire to work like same passion and hard work. On regular basis team members regularly try to break the record of leader. This will improve their efficiency(Bush and Glover 2012.).
  5. Good communicator-until he will be in position to communicate plans and strategy to achieve the goal of the organisation. If he fails to communicate the plan then his expected results are not met him. To motivate people words have the power and this can help to achieve the goals of the company.
  6. Decision making - he must be having all the ability to take right decision at right time. To take the decision is not easy. Before taking decision it must think many times because it is taken once. In most of the cases decision are taken by leaders only. Sometimes it has to consult to stake holders.
  7. Accountability. -leader must ensure that all the workers are doing their job in appropriate manner. He must ensures that followers must understand their responsibility of work.
  8. Delegation and empowerment - leader has the power to distribute the work to subordinates. It is his responsibility to ensures that all the work which is done by the workers are correct.
  9. Creativity and innovation - it is the innovation part only which differentiate leader from the follower. Something new and innovative makes the leader to separate him from crowd(Doh and Quigley 2014).
  10. Empathy- there must mutual understanding between the leader and follower. He must not follow the Hitler rule, otherwise the team members will fear from him not share any issues with. In that case there leader is useless.

3. Reflection on leadership experience

I have learned about the various leadership approaches. I have gained knowledge or information about the different skills or qualities which are required to be posses by an individual in order to become an effective leader. I have analysed that the various leadership styles. I have learned that there is no specific leadership style which can be applied by leader in all situation. I have also developed the understanding about different leadership theories which I can now apply in different situational context. This leadership concepts , models I believe that will assist me in determining the actions which I can take in order to deal with specific problem. By working in an organisation as a leader I have gained good practical experience, but at the same time I have also faced some challenges which I perceive that issues has occurred due to lack of skills in me. I have realised that in need to develop self confidence which I feel that will help me in reassuring that decision taken by me is right. I have also analysed that in order to an individual who wants to become effective leader need to posses technical , human and conceptual abilities. In addition to this I have realised the significance of investing in people. After developing the understanding about various leadership approaches and concepts I realize that I had crippled myself by confining leadership to a formal position . I waited for a position to allow me to lead. When working in an organisation I have followed the al the principles of leadership which has helped in developing the good working environment at workplace. I have been open to my group members for suggestion as well as feedback which I believe has helped me in improving my practices. The big misconception which I had about the leadership is that it consider it as a position.

I had adopted Behavioural approach which focuses on the behaviour of indivduals who are the folloers this leads to develop an underatanding and makes them work accroding to theri nature which leads to handle them effectviely without any problem. This approach was completwely successful as it was accepted by every employee and does not lead to create any conflict while working toegther. I chose this approach because it is very improtant to control inidvudak in a way they wants to get controlled therefore. People were tackeled effectively by implementing effective communication skills, a sound technicasl knowledge and also to be a good listener.

My leadership paradigm is the result of the many experiences that I have had working with multinational company as a leader. I have had life changing experience when leading the other people within an enterprise. I have learned many new things about leaders. I have also learned a lot about servant leader. I have planned to adopt the servant leadership style in future if I get a chance to become leader.

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REFERENCES

Books and Journals

  • Antonakis, J. and Day, D. V. eds., 2017. The nature of leadership. Sage publications.
  • Barrick, M.R. and et.al., 2013. The theory of purposeful work behavior: The role of personality, higher-order goals, and job characteristics. Academy of Management Review. 38(1). pp.132-153.
  • Bush, T. and Glover, D., 2012. Distributed leadership in action: Leading high-performing leadership teams in English schools. School leadership & management. 32(1). pp.21-36.
  • Daft, R., 2014. The leadership experience. Cengage Learning.
  • Doh, J. P. and Quigley, N. R., 2014. Responsible leadership and stakeholder management: Influence pathways and organizational outcomes. The Academy of Management Perspectives. 28(3). pp.255-274.
  • Iqbal, T., 2013. The Impact of Leadership Styles on Organizational Effectiveness. GRIN Verlag.
  • Lopez, E.S. and Ensari, N., 2014. The effects of leadership style, organizational outcome, and gender on attributional bias toward leaders. Journal of Leadership Studies. 8(2). pp.19-37.
  • Lukina, I., Azadegan, A. and Hooker, R., 2017. Leadership in the Face of Major Supply Chain Disruptions: Baseline and Contextual Traits. In Academy of Management Proceedings(Vol. 2017, No. 1, p. 15644). Briarcliff Manor, NY 10510: Academy of Management.
  • Morton, P. G. and et.al., 2017. Critical care nursing: a holistic approach (p. 1056). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
  • Rahim, M. A. 2017. Diversity, Conflict, and Leadership. Routledge.
  • Salter, C.R. and Coleman, D., (2015). A Study of Respondent's Virtual Social Interaction, Leadership Style, and Moral Development. Journal of Leadership, Accountability and Ethics. 12(4). pp.161.
  • Smalley, S.W. and et. al., 2016. Analysis of leadership perceptions, skills and traits as perceived by agribusiness and industry professionals. NACTA Journal.60(1a). p.43.
  • Sutherland, I., 2013. Arts-based methods in leadership development: Affording aesthetic workspaces, reflexivity and memories with momentum. Management Learning. 44(1). pp.25-43

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