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1.1 Theory of Learning

Learning is a never ending process as one can learn with the help of different sources and at different age. With this, individual is able to work in an effectual manner and can fulfill its responsibilities in an effectual manner. However, there are various theories of learning that can be applied in order to attain learning. In this context, Bloom's taxonomy of learning is prominent that distinguishes basic enquiry within the education scheme. It involves various objectives that is been determined by educators for their students. It involves three key domains i.e. cognitive, affective and psychomotor (Vangelisti, Daly and Friedrich, 2013). Cognitive domain includes knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, evaluation and synthesis. It includes learning of lower order thinking skill of intellectual nature. Further, affective domain includes verb to thinking in which learning regarding how people reach emotionally and how they feel each other. It is done through receiving, responding, valuing, organizing and characterizing. Last is psychomotor that aids in learning physical skills which is gained through imitation, manipulation, precision, articulation and naturalization (Joan, 2007).

These domains can be applied to people in health and social care i.e. nursing staff, care workers, doctors and medical assistant. Cognitive domain focus on intellectual and mental learning and therefore, it is applied to doctors and medical assistant who actually offers treatment to patients. This is so because, it is essential for doctors to apply different sort of treatment and approach in order to diagnose the issues and offers them appropriate treatment. This is possible by gaining mental skills or appropriate knowledge over the subject matter. This includes 6 elements. Knowledge is attained by doctors from observation, recall information learned during internship, listing, discovering and reading books over the subject matter. Through this, doctor is able to learn new knowledge. After this, comprehension is done in which learned knowledge is understood, translated, discussed and consulted with other doctors and summarized so that actual output of the same can be attained (Konu and Viitanen, 2008). Based on it, doctors and medical assistant are able to make decision whether to apply new knowledge over patients or not. After this stage, application of learning is done in order to attain effectual results. Here, doctors or their assistant applies new knowledge so that health of patients can be improved in more effective manner. Once it is applied, analysis of the same is done that involves identification of pattern and recognition of trends (Mezirow, 2002). It is then evaluated with the expected and actual results so that new concepts and ideas can be developed based upon it.

Apart from this, affective domain is related to growth in feeling and emotional areas. This domain is applied for care workers who actually offer palliative care to old or child patients. For this, they have to understand the feeling of patients so that better care facility can be offered. It initiates with receiving where individuals recognize the understanding level of patients. After this, responding is done in which care worker learns about the way in which care needs to done.  Further, belief and thinking of patients is valued and hence appropriate care method is applied. For this, necessary information and ideas are organized in order to enhance the effectiveness of learning (Viitanen and Konu, 2009). At the end, characterization is done in which attributes of patients is identified by care workers. On this basis, necessary care is offered to them. This certainly leads to attainment of objectives in an effectual manner.

Last is psychomotor domain that relates to manual and physical skills. In the context of health and social care, this domain can be applied for nursing staff who offer medical support to doctors at different stages. It is required for this set of medical staff to learn physical activities that is involved in the treatment so that better treatment can be offered. In this context, 5 elements are involved i.e. imitation from observation, manipulation based on past experiences, precision in offering nursing service, articulation includes finding exact way of performing particular job and last is naturalization in which nursing service is offered in the best possible manner (Lawy and Biesta, 2010). With the help of this domain, nursing staff is able to learn skills from which they can execute its responsibilities in an effectu


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