Organisational Behaviour and the Management of People


Organisational behaviour is concerned with the human behaviour that how they interact or responds within the business environment. Business organisation adopts certain theories which helps them in achieving business objectives in more efficient manner. These major components are described as below:

Leadership refers to the art which is used by a leader to motivate group of people in order to make them work towards a common goal or objective. There are numerous of authors who have represented their thoughts on leadership by giving their own definition. Leadership definition of two different authors are described as below:

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According to Lisa Cash Hanson, leadership is considered as the capability of person who directs his followers in effective manner that seems like they are not forced for the same and feels like accomplished. In other words, leadership is a specific skill of leader who can is easily persuade its employees for performing business activities in the the directive manner. This act leader realises employees that they are forced to work in the same way.

According to W.A Cohen, leadership refers to art of leader who influences individuals to perform their job responsibility in more effective manner in order to finish any project or task.

Motivation: It is a driving tool which encourages individual to perform job responsibilities with best efforts. Motivation works as a booster for employees which stimulates them and influences them to take perform their work effectively.

Motivation refers to the positive or negative attitude of individual which energies them stimulates to perform business activities effectively for achieving desired goals. This simply means that it is not compulsory that motivation is coming with only positive behaviour or reward but might also generates with negative acts such as punishments. (Sixtus)

Motivation is the process through which individuals feels influenced in order to take action which will contribute in achieving desired goals. (Mondy, Holmes and Flippa)

Team building and development: It is an engagement activity which especially designed for improving performance of overall team in order to bring out best outcome.

Adair: According to Adair, it can be said that an effective team is beneficial for the organisation as it not contributes in achieving goals effectively but along with this, it also owns capability of taking more risk if in case they arises.

Theories of organisational Behaviour

Leadership theory:

The great man theory: This theory was popularised by Thomas Carlyle as it states that leaders are intrinsic which clearly means great leaders are born as they can not be made. Great man theory also explains that leadership trait of an individual directly arises when it is actually needed. According to Herbert Spencer, it can be said that leadership traits are not inbuilt then they so called leaders would have found themselves as a great leader in the starting time only.

Application of chosen theories

It is the systematic approach which assures that changes in the organisation are incorporated in effective manner so that long term benefits of the organisation can be achieved.

Pro sci It is the process, technique and tools which are used to manage the people associated with change in order to attain desired business outcome.

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