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Consequences of Traffic Accidents

ABSTRACT

This research paper explores various factors and consequences of increasing road accidents in Saudi Arabia. Data is collected through secondary research from WHO, police reports and Ministry of Health hospitals. Qualitative techniques have been used to evaluate the data. The results obtained explained the major causes of road accidents and increasing frequency in the last three decades. The data from hospitals and police reports identifies the major factors that are responsible for the road accidents. Significant gaps in the type and amount of resources that are required to control the traffic situation were also found. Overall findings also suggest that majority of accidents takes place due to driver's lack of knowledge and violation of traffic rules. It is recommended to the ministry to improve traffic rules and also the techniques of data collection for traffic

INTRODUCTION

Saudi Arabia has experienced enormous growth and development after the boom in its oil industry since 1970's. This has marked considerable increase in motorization rate due to rapid construction and expansion in the country. The registered vehicles increased 40 times from 144,750 in 1971 to 5,860,550 in 1994. The growth is the resultant outcome of expansion in road network. The pavement length also increases fivefold from 8400 kms in 1970 to 43000 kms in 1994. This remarkable growth and the increased road network have caused serious problems for the nation and it is the continuous and high increase in road accidents. The number of road accidents, injuries and fatalities has increased on per day basis (Joffe-Walt, 2010).

According to WHO report, the number of injuries and death as a result of the increasing road accidents are growing globally and raising public health issue. Data states that number of road accidents increased to 1.20 million on yearly basis. Most importantly, 80% of these deaths are in Middle East nations (Khan, 2013). Data from Health Ministry of Saudi Arabia reveals that most common cause of death in the country is road accidents. The statistics also show that rate of accident in Saudi Arabia is highest than nations like South Korea, Singapore, Thailand, North America and Japan.

The number of road accidents has raised alarm to study the problem and to find out the solutions. The study is designed to identity the causes and types of accidents thereafter, affects and recommend the solutions to control and reduce it.

Research aims and objectives

Aims: To assess the effects and consequences of road traffic accident among youth in Saudi Arabia

Objectives:

  • To analyse the causes of increasing road accidents in Saudi Arabia.
  • To evaluate the after affects of accidents in Saudi Arabia.
  • To recommend ways to reduce the accidents.

RESEARCH QUESTIONS

What are the causes of increasing road accidents in Saudi Arabia?
What are the various after affects of accidents in Saudi Arabia?
What are ways which can be used to reduce accidents?

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The significance of research work lies in the data collection and analysis that goes to the root cause of problem i.e. common reason behind increasing number of accidents. It will identify the variables related to the driver and features of accident. It is important to understand the problem factors before finding the accurate solutions. The majority of people with road accidents were affected by severe injuries that are sometimes incurable. Thus, purpose of the study is to recommend ways to reduce the fatalities and patients that have been affected by the road

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