INTRODUCTION TO INTERNATIONAL HEALTH CARE POLICY
Numerous health care policies are formulated so as to protect the health of people from several diseases and risks and this is also effective in terms of making people aware about health hazards. The present study is thus made on national (UK) and international (India) contexts where approaches to health care policy formation is analyzed. The study has also discussed the influence of funding on policy formation process and along with that impact of cultural and social aspects on health care perspectives. Furthermore, the research study has also mentioned practical barriers to provision of health care in national context. Lastly, diverse contemporary issues present in health care sector are also discussed along with its impact. The researcher has also stated practical responses which it could give to contemporary issues in both national and international context.
Task 1 - Understand health care policy formation in an international context
1.1 Analyze approaches to health care policy formation in international context
In India, certain sorts of health care policies are developed as the rate of mortality is high in the country so, on that context; certain amendments are remarked in the list. There are numerous entities that have collaboration with health care entities in which they ensure to deliver adequate and prominent services to the patients. Here, certain approaches are mentioned that assists India to formulate suitable
Health care policies:
The nation's services are assessed on such basis, the areas of gaps can be defined and accordingly, certain reforms can be added in national policies (Health and safety legislation, 2013).
Health care provisions of private health services can be ascertained on that basis changes can be made in health care policies.
On the basis of national priorities, India formulates provisions in health care policies which assist in managing quality services to the patients (Woolhandler, Campbell and Himmelstein, 2003).
1.2 Critically assess the influence of funding on policy formation in a national context
Public funding: The level of public funding aids UK health care system to analyze the value of services since, this is entirely integrated with purchasing power of patients and all the service provisions are determined on that basis only.
Private funding: In order to develop suitable health care policies, the health care department of UK considers assistance from private funding which involves engagement of several private bodies (Starfield, Shi and Macinko, 2005).
Charity funding: NHS is the only entity that provides services free of cost services to the patients and the health care institution collects funds from charitable agents so that best services can be delivered to the patients.
Non-governmental funding: While health care system of UK determines norms, it clearly assesses the opportunities of non-governmental funding.
1.3 Critically evaluate health care policy in one national context
It is being observed that UK health care system has been considering the aspects of WHO (World health Organizations) for facilitating varied amenities for public welfare. As per the research, health care provisions at NHS are highly efficient since it provides all types of medical amenities to the patients. The policies are even integrated with diversified approaches wherein, it considers several health care dimensions (Lavis and et.al., 2005). On the other hand, UK health care system involves private and public bodies to specify things related to better health care service provision. Besides this, while formulating the policies, NHS determine the areas where funds would be collected for managing services aspects.
Task 2 Understand the social and cultural context of health care
2.1 Assess the impact of culture on health care
Cultural factors at UK have been impacting health care aspects in pessimistic and optimistic both the ways as it includes religious beliefs, class structure and social priorities. Still there are ranges of people in cities of UK that have different social values and they generally do not allow service providers for specific actions like blood and organ transplantation. This not only affects service efficiency but also reduces the interest of service providers in delivering better services. At the same time, it is also observed that mentality of people towards religious aspects is still narrow and sometimes patients refuse to get treatment from socially backward people (Epping-Jordan and et.al., 2004). This happens due to their concern towards religious facets. On the other side, the service efficiency of health care providers also affects when they are asked to work for more than the standard hours.
2.2 Assess the impact of society on health care
Society has a great impact on health care aspects likewise, if people are educated enough, then they can assist the health care institution to develop awareness in the society. Society indeed posses impact on health care services as people chooses social and cultural backgrounds on top priority. It is also explored through many research processes that class structure is the main aspect which is being considered in health care areas where rich people get luxury treatment and poor people are treated poorly treatment as requisite (DesRoches and et.al., 2008). Besides this, many private health care service providers gives preference to serve rich people initially who are able to pay for the amenities and thus, it probably represents social and cultural unequal distribution in the society. Social beliefs also cause mental disability to patients if they are suffering from communicable and other hazardous syndromes like AIDS and HIV.
2.3 Analyze the attitude to health care
The attitude of people have been changing related to concept of illness and this also leads them to make people aware about different health hazards. As per contemporary scenario, the concept of health is changing and people are becoming more conscious about their health which also leads them to adapt different things to maintain fitness (Blumenthal and Hsiao, 2005). The concern of people towards illness is also fluctuating and this probably also assists in encouraging people towards health standards. Maintaining health actually plays crucial role for people since through they are able to manage their personal and professional life balance. On the other hand, attitude towards health and medical professionals are also transformed as people contact to such professionals on regular basis for managing health properly.
2.4 Evaluate the cultural and social impacts on and attitudes towards health care in one national context
Practitioners working at NHS are highly concerned about cultural and social aspects and hence for that purpose they manage cultural facets in service provision. On the other side, it is also observed that NHS of UK also gives preferences to social priorities and according to that they give specific treatment to indifferent customers. Social consequences have been impacting the level of health care services and this has yet changed many amendments in health care policies and practices (Beach and et.al., 2005). On the other hand, it is also observed that cultural and social forces both have been transforming the degree of effectiveness in service provision and sometimes the impacts of social indifferences demoralizes the interest of service users in health care facets.
Task 3 Understand heath care provisioning
3.1 Describe how health care policy is translated into practice in international context
Health care policies in UK have changed the way of delivering prominent services to the patients as now the entity is engaged with many professional bodies so that proper services could be delivered to service users. Thus in that context, certain General Practitioners are allowed to work with NHS and they typically delivers similar services as per specific geographic areas. NHS is working on the basis of several policies and strategies which are being translated into practice through the assistance of specific entities (World Health Organization, 2007). The largest charitable trust has also established many of the hospitals which provides emergency services to the patients and hence this substantially reduces the level of mortality ratio in health care concerns. Certain policies and norms at local and national level are developed by NHS which encourages the level of health care services in internationa