P1 What is involved in being a successful leader?
The term leadership can bring to mind a variety of images, i.e. an explorer, an executive and a manager as well. A leader is the person who is able to deliver results without giving importance to their jobs. Sometimes they need someone who can reporting them. There are numerous misconception about leadership as it is overviewed that all leaders are managers but all managers are not leaders. Along with this, successful leaders have the power and intellect behind their associations. They are visionaries and steer their brand while pitfalls. Successful leaders are focused to know when to seize market opportunities and how influence subordinates to do any task or activity towards attaining firm's goals and objectives (Gayle, Tewarie and White Jr, 2011). Apart from this, leadership is a procedure of social influence which increases efforts of other towards accomplishing business goals and objectives. It can be also defined with nothing to do with superiority or anyone's position in organisational hierarchy. It supports to convert vision into reality. At the time of crisis, a leader steps up, think and act to face off and cope difficult situations.
In this competitive, many large business associations wants to expand their business and for the same they tend towards developing leadership within their working environment so as to manage entire workforce in the best possible manner. In this regard, companies are emphasised on hiring experienced leaders with a right combination of charisma, self assurance and enthusiasm; all these supports a corporate association to gain high competitive edge. Although, leaders are blessed with these skills, but certain leadership traits are learned and sharpened with the time and practice.
The best leaders have a combination of three aspects, such are stated as under: -
Traits – In order to understand an individual's traits or characteristic it is essential for corporate associations to implement Trait theory of leadership; the theory is emphasised on determining several personality traits which are associated with successful and strong leadership in variety of situations. Trait theory of leadership is based upon “Great man theory” which signifies that ability to do something generate at the time when people born (Hendriks and Scheerens, 2013). Some of the main implications of leadership are stated as under: -
- Certain traits produce certain patterns of behaviour
- These patterns are consistent across different situations
- People are born with these leadership traits
Apart from this, there are certain traits which are linked with great leadership as great leaders are intelligence they have ability to make choices to move the team ahead. They are eager to accept various responsibilities and do not blame other for mistakes.
Leaders are able to accomplish specific tasks and activities on their given time frame due to their efficient skills and capabilities. For this purpose, they pay attention to employees needs and support them to achieve career growth.
Strong leaders are focused on improving skills and knowledge level of subordinates by providing them training and development assistance. As another role of leaders is to motivate and inspire people.
Skills – Where the trait approach taken into consideration the personality thus behaviour of a leader can be understood by Style Approach. In this manner, Katz’s Three Skills Model can be adopted by business associations thus to improve their skills and competencies. The skill approach of leadership states that different leaders have different behaviour which allows them to act in several situations. The three skill model entails that leaders must have these three skills, such as – human skills, technical skills and conceptual skills (Antonakis and House, 2013). For example – supervisors will need human and technical skills whereas middle level management requires all mentioned three skills. Importance of all these skills is based upon the structure if management.
- In which technical skills comprises with knowledge level and proficiency of an individual in a specific criteria. If leaders have strong technical skills, it will support them to do a task in innovative manner.
- Human skills is an ability to work with and relate to people.
- At last, conceptual skills consists with capability to work with various ideas and concepts thus to implement something new within working environment.
Styles – There is not a specific leadership styles suits for all situations but it aids to understand which a common approach of leadership thus to develop or boost up individuals skills. In this manner, Blake Mouton Managerial Grid, a popular framework for thinking about a leader's "task versus person" orientation. The model relies upon two dimensions, such as -
- Concern of people - It is the level on which a leader concern about needs and wants of its team members. Here, the person is willing to know their area of interest for personal development in order to accomplish any task or activity.
- Concern for results – It is a degree where leaders are focused on concrete goals and objectives. For this purpose, they starts to improve organisational efficiency and gaining high productivity by deciding how to accomplish any task or activity in the best possible manner (Griffin, 2013).
Contextual – This aspect of leadership involves three approaches, such as -
Situational approach - The basic premises of this leadership application is there are several situations occur within working environment which can affect individuals efforts or action. As above mentioned that, there is no specific leadership style for leaders to deal with all problems and issues; in this manner Situational approach suggested that leaders are required to implement theory as per the nature of situation. Here, situation consists with set of values or behaviour of people with which a leader deals; in this regard all activities must be planned and results should be appreciated. While applying the theory, various principles must be followed: -
- Language learning is habit-formation
- Mistakes affect negatively, hence they should be ignored cause it arises bad habits.
- Different languages have to be learned properly so as to deal with people of diverse nature.
- Analogy is a better foundation for language learning than analysis
- Meanings of words should be learned in a linguistic and cultural context only.
Contingency model – The model is based upon contingency theory of Fred Fiedler it is associated with effectiveness of leadership within business organisations. As the theory is based upon relation between performance of a company and leadership. It is one of the oldest situation-contingent leadership theories which signifies that if a corporate association wants to attain group efficiency then there is needed to evaluate a leader on premises of underlying traits or characteristics. In addition to this, contingency theory states that effective leaders should be able to deal with all problems and hindrances in several s