INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
Human resource management (HRM) is a function that is designed in the for the purpose of improving of employee’s performance. It is concerned with managing people within the organization. It focuses on the policies and systems. The department is particularly responsible for numerous activities which employee recruitment, performance appraisal, rewarding, training and development etc. Human resource managers have the duty to plan for workforce requirement. In addition to this human resource management have responsibility towards staff development and understanding as well as executing the legislation with respect to employee welfare within the business. In the present report contribution of HRM to high performance working has been discussed with respect to
CONTIBUTION OF HRM FOR HIGH PEROFRMANCE WORKING
Human resources management plays significant role for long run performance of the business which enables management of Sainsbury to expand business over the globe. Here, HRM of Sainsbury performs several functions such as planning, staffing, employee development and employee maintenance (Sims, 2002). It contributes towards achieving long as well as short term objectives of firm by the help of high performance working. Here, planning is the first and foremost function in which management of Sainsbury analysis internal as well as external environment of corporation (Human Resource Management Functions, 2014). It facilitates to provide information related to demand of personnel as well as supply of the same by using internal or external sources (Aladwan, 2014). Internal resources consist of promotion and transfer of existing employees so that they can decreases overall expenses and contribute towards increasing productivity as well as profitability of the firm. In order to plan for workers, Sainsbury uses several strategies such as staffing and employee development. Staffing refers to recruit and select the best candidate for vacant position of the firm which facilitates to deliver good quality of services to customers and retain them for long span of time (Sahoo, 2012).
In order to implement effective strategies such as staffing and employee development, firm need to attract qualified personnel and select them for present as well as future vacant post. It is imperative to ensure long run survival of business with greater profitability (Charles and et. al., 2006). Further, corporation also need to focuses upon development of employees by providing them orientation program on the initial stage. It creates awareness among them related to rules and regulation of firm so as to contribute towards achieving long as well as short term objectives of Sainsbury (Importance and Objectives of Human Resource Management, 2009). Further, orientation program facilitates to provide detail information related to working hours, method of doing work and introduction with management as well as subordinate so that they can work in comfortable zone (Stephen and et. al., 2008).
In order to increase skills and competencies of personnel, management of Sainsbury provides training to employees. It helps to improve their performance and increase overall profitability as well as productivity of the firm (ÇaliÅŸkan, 2010). With the help of higher performance, corporation expands business over the globe which facilitates to create competitive edge in the marketplace. Further, in order to provide proper guidance to personnel, human resources management of Sainsbury analyze job which helps to define profile of overall work to be done by proposed candidates. They also specify, qualities need to have for completion of their task so as to increase higher rate of return of company (Felstead and et al. 2007).
The human resource management of Sainsbury also provides information related to role, during and responsibilities of workers towards their work by which they can improve their performance in an effective way. As job description will be the best source of information for employees which enables them, to know about their supervisors, areas of work and targets for the same. It is the appropriate way to communicate employees regarding expectations of Sainsbury which motivate them to perform better and assist to achieve long as well as short term objectives of firm in an effective way (Pinnington, 2011). It also help sot ensures long survival of the firm with greater profitability. Further workers of Sainsbury are motivated by the help of effective communication among upper and lower level management which enables to provide them time to time information related to their tasks. It facilitates to save time and deliver good quality of services and produces to customers which enables to retain for long span of time (Bhattacharyya, 2009). Human resource management is very effective which facilitate to assess need of employees and provide them good working condition so that they can work with zeal and enthusiasm. They assess need of improvement in their performance and provide training accordingly which leads to ensure higher performance of personnel.
Human resource management of Sainsbury contributes towards increasing performance of employees by their proper maintenance (Shortland, 2006). It helps to increase overall rate of return of the firm and increases productivity as well. HRM also enables workers to perform better by increasing their knowledge and competencies which leads to ensure higher level satisfaction among customers. It assists to create distinctive image of firm in the marketplace by which Sainsbury can increase number of market share. Further, HRM of organization set targets for employees and prepare incentive plan for their achievement. It helps to motivate employees by giving them monetary benefits (Dhar, 2008). It satisfies their need and they get higher level of motivation to perform better so as to achieve objectives of Sainsbury. It also enables personnel to make efforts in the direction of expansion of business over the globe by catering requirement of customers in an effective way. It helps to cover large market potential and increase profitability of the firm to a great extent (Sims, 2002). Owing to this, HRM assess internal as well as external environment which enables them to keep their personnel update to cope up with changing scenario. It gives competitive edge to corporation and attracts large number of customers as well as retention of regulator customers.
Human resources management of Sainsbury contributes towards higher performance of employees by the help of career planning and effective compensation plan. It enables workers to contribute towards achieving their set target within specified time period so as to increase overall rate of return (Aladwan, 2014). It facilitates to deliver good quality of services to customers and give them higher level of satisfaction. With the help of effective compensation plan firm gives motivation to workers by providing them security and satisfying their basic needs (Sahoo, 2012). It enables them to perform better and achieve their set targets that lead to increase overall rate of return. Here, career planning helps to develop individual in their job for their career advancement which ensures their growth in Sainsbury. It ensures higher level of satisfaction among workers and enables them to improve their performance in term of quality as well as time management. It facilitates to increase overall rate of return of the firm at marketplace. Human resources planning of Sainsbury also contribute towards keeping record of workers (Charles and et. al., 2006).
Here, they contribute toward preparing database of workers related to their leave, presence and conduct at workplace. Along with these, data related to their performance are also kept which helps management of firm to appraise performance of employees and give them reward accordingly. Records related to their contribution for increasing in sales turnover are kept which leads to give idea about their efficiency for well being of Sainsbury (Stephen and et. al., 2008). It also assists to manage employees in an effective way and provide them good working condition so that firm can expand itself and cover large market potential. It facilitates to provide higher level of satisfaction among employees as well as customers. They also plan for leave of personnel by which they can work in their comfort zone and contribute towards increasing productivity as well as profitability of corporation (ÇaliÅŸkan, 2010). It assists Sainsbury to create distinctive image in the marketplace and expand business over the globe. With the help of better management of personnel in terms of quality of services Sainsbury can have appropriate retention of customers for long time.
Human resource management of Sainsbury contributes towards higher performance of employees by the maintaining good relation with them. Here, corporation ensures good communication procedure with management which assists clear doubts of personnel and enables them to increased productivity. It helps to provide opportunity to workers to share their problems with higher level of management (Felstead and et. al., 2007). It leads to enhance skills of employees and resolve their conflicts which direct to increase overall rate of return of company. It also promotes team work among organization and facilitates employees to work together to achieve shared success. Further, firm ensure good industrial relation by taking optimal solution for the problems of workers which leads to give them higher level of satisfaction (Pinnington, 2011). Human resource management of Sainsbury appraises performance of workers with the help of database. It provides detail information of personnel related to specified span of time that enables management to take decision on the productivity or non-productive performance of workers.
Human resource management of Sainsbury contributes towards improving performance of workers by the help of continuous training and development. Here they give on the job training to those who are fresher at the job and do not have knowledge of working (Pinnington, 2011). It assists to enhance their skills and increases their knowledge to improve quality of services by bringing changes in the present working style. On the other hand, HRM also provide off the job training for workers who can come to know reason of having changes in the present working due to changes in the external environment. It assists company to guide personnel for achieving long as well as short term objectives which leads to increase overall rate of return. It facilitates to deliver good quality of services to customers and create goodwill of firm in the marketplace (Bhattacharyya, 2009).
Moreover, human resource management of Sainsbury develops good public relation which increases brand image of the firm so as to ensure long run survival of the same. Here, HRM organizes business meeting, seminar and conferences in which it can communicate detail information to employees as well as other stakeholders of firm which assist to ensure long survival of business with greater profitability (Shortland, 2006). It helps to manage issues face by the worker related to wage policy or lower incentive and extra benefit during particular period. It motivates personnel by ensuring two communication which facilitate to boost their morale and enables them for higher performance. It helps firm to create competitive edge in the marketplace by deliver variety of services to customers (Dhar, 2008).
Human resources management forms several strategies in order to ensure higher performance working. Here, management of Sainsbury ensure engagement of employees in the decision making process which generate positive attitude among workers by which they can work with higher level of satisfaction. Further, HRM also consist of personnel management which helps to enhance skills and knowledge of workers by which they can achieve objectives of firm and increases their efficiency in order to achieve set targets of firm (Sims, 2002). Personnel management of company helps to forecast demand of personnel and also assess the need of workers by which they can come to know about various alternatives to increase productivity as well as profitability the firm. Further, management of Sainsbury ensures workplace safety by providing several amenities for workers such as clean environment, proper lighting and ventilation. It helps to maintain continuous flow of production and meet customer's demand in an effective way (Aladwan, 2014). They also appraise performance of workers by periodic review and against targets. It leads to give monetary as well as non-monetary benefits to employees. Here, with the help of non-monetary benefits firm appoint existing worker on higher post and provide them opportunity for their career advancement (Sahoo, 2012). It helps to increase performance and bring improvement in the present working style so as to cope up with changing scenario. It contributes towards increasing overall rate of return of the firm and decrease employee turnover so as to ensure long survival of the business.
From the report it can be concluded that human resource management is imperative to give upward direct for future business activities. It recruits and selects the best candidate and ensure their proper development as to higher performance of working. It can also be said that HRM is the way to ensure long run survival of business with greater profitability because it helps to reduce employee turnover and increase productivity to a great extent.
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